Exploring the Natural Marvel: Periyar National Park


Nestled in the heart of the Western Ghats in Kerala, India, Periyar National Park stands as a testament to nature’s splendor and biodiversity. Spread across an impressive 925 square kilometers, this park is a haven for wildlife enthusiasts, nature lovers, and adventure seekers alike. Let’s embark on a virtual journey to discover the wonders that Periyar National Park has to offer.

  1. A Biodiversity Hotspot

Periyar National Park is renowned for its incredible biodiversity. The park is home to a staggering variety of flora and fauna, some of which are endemic to this region. The Western Ghats, in general, is a UNESCO World Heritage site and is one of the eight “hottest hotspots” of biological diversity in the world.

  1. The Wildlife Wonderland

a. Mammals: The park is inhabited by a diverse range of mammals including the majestic Indian elephant, tigers, leopards, gaur, sambar deer, and wild boar. It’s a rare privilege to witness these magnificent creatures in their natural habitat.

b. Birdlife: For birdwatchers, Periyar is nothing short of a paradise. Over 320 avian species have been recorded here, including the vibrant Malabar Grey Hornbill, the elusive Malabar Trogon, and the majestic Great Hornbill.

c. Aquatic Life: The park is centered around the beautiful Periyar Lake, which is a sanctuary for a variety of aquatic life. From the giant Malabar River Turtle to the endangered Smooth-coated Otter, the lake teems with fascinating creatures.

  1. The Enchanting Periyar Lake

The heart of the park is undoubtedly Periyar Lake. Serene and picturesque, the lake offers boat rides which provide a unique opportunity to witness wildlife in their natural habitat. The experience of cruising on the tranquil waters, surrounded by lush greenery and wildlife, is nothing short of magical.

  1. Trekking Trails and Adventure Activities

Periyar offers a range of adventurous activities for those seeking an adrenaline rush. Guided trekking expeditions take you deep into the heart of the forest, offering a chance to get up close with the rich biodiversity. Bamboo rafting is another exhilarating option, allowing visitors to navigate the park’s waterways on a bamboo raft.

  1. Floral Diversity

The park is a treasure trove of botanical wonders. From the lofty evergreen trees to the vibrant orchids and mosses that carpet the forest floor, Periyar’s flora is as diverse as it is stunning. The park is also home to various medicinal plants, many of which have been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine for centuries.

  1. Conservation Efforts and Initiatives

Periyar National Park stands as a beacon of conservation in India. The park’s management actively engages in initiatives to protect and preserve the delicate ecosystem. From anti-poaching measures to community-based conservation programs, Periyar sets a commendable example for sustainable wildlife tourism.


Periyar National Park is a testament to the raw beauty and unparalleled biodiversity of the Western Ghats. Whether you’re a wildlife enthusiast, a nature lover, or simply seeking a break from the hustle and bustle of city life, Periyar offers an enriching experience that will leave you with memories to cherish for a lifetime. Embrace the wilderness, and let the magic of Periyar captivate your soul.

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